Technical View of SC Order on Presidential Reference on SYL

March01, 2017 (C) Ravinder Singh

This petitioner is Researching & Writing on Water issues for 40 years. His most significant achievements related to water development & disputes are –

Ø In 1999 in matter of SSP dispute he predicted Gujarat will never be able to provide irrigation to entire command of SSP as envisaged and would divert water for Industry & Drinking water purposes etc.

Ø Regularly promoting Multipurpose Dams to Produce 200,000 MW Hydro Clean Water & Power, Water Storages, Flood Control, and made some progress over 14 years – 8 out of 16 projects of national importance are in North to Deliver 15 MAF water.

Presidential Reference on SYL Matter neither ‘Desired’ nor double bench order REVIEWED past bungling but are important in National Interest. 

When it was Time to Review Past AGREEMENTS based on Present Needs – Presidential Reference endorses old Agreements – Punjab is to produces 30 million ton of food FY2016-17 – up from 12 million tones in 1981.


Presidential Reference didn’t CONSIDER More than 15 BCM Excess Use of Ground Water to sustain agriculture in view of short supply of RIVER WATERS. –

Punjab was producing 12 million tons of food-grains in 1981 to Haryana just half 6 million ton from both Satluj and Yamuna River Commands and Rajasthan may be 1 million tons from Indus command area [Entire Rajasthan 6.5 million tons].

How is that Punjab was allocated only 4.22 maf water to Haryana 3.5 maf and Rajasthan 8.6 maf?

Water Allocation was not based on ANY STUDY – not even GOI data when Punjab was Contributing 50% or more Foods to Central Poor for PDS.

4.2        The various doctrines [from Law Commission Paper]

It would be convenient, to enumerate at the outset, the various doctrines that have emerged in this area. These are as under:

(1)        Doctrine of riparian rights

(2)        Doctrine of prior appropriation

(3)        Doctrine of Territorial Sovereignty (Harmon doctrine)

(4)        Doctrine of Community of interest

(5)        Doctrine of equitable apportionment.

Ø None of the known doctrines in allocating Ravi-Beas Waters was followed.

Ø Twice More Water Allocated Then Useable, Much Before Storage Dams on

Ravi 2004 and Beas 1994 were built, 40%-50% more than dependable flows.

How is that India could get just 34 MAF Indus Water out of 165-170 MAF Indus Basin – even after 60 years 35 MAF Indus Water goes to sea?




Sutlej Yamuna Link Canal to draw Ravi-Beas waters for Haryana – Actually Means Ravi waters Diverting to Beas Basin, Beas waters Diverting to Sutlej Basin and Sutlej water diverted to Yamuna Basin.

Ø Needs the People of Ravi, Beas and Sutlej were considered in allocating Waters.

Ø Obviously Ravi to Yamuna Basins Were Linked Up Than Why Separate Agreements for Ravi-Beas, Sutlej and Yamuna Rivers?


Ø SC orders in past didn’t take in to consideration that Haryana is Allocated 9 BCM of Yamuna Waters before 1994 and 5.7 BCM waters after 1994 plus Uses Shares of Rajasthan & Himachal and Unallocated waters.


Serious Concerns: –


1.  In 2017-18 there is no BUDGET provision for RAPID execution of 8 National Projects to Supply 15 MAF Waters.


2.  Water Disputes to Impact Economy Of The Region Farmers. 

Ravinder Singh, Inventor & Consultant, INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND PROJECTS

Y-77, Hauz Khas, ND -110016, India. Ph: 091- 9871056471, 9718280435, 9650421857

Ravinder Singh* is a WIPO awarded inventor specializing in Power, Transportation,

Smart Cities, Water, Energy Saving, Agriculture, Manufacturing, Technologies and Projects

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