The Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition (BCFN) Foundation and The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) created The Food Sustainability Index (FSI), which ranks countries on food system sustainability based on three pillars: food loss and waste, sustainable agriculture, and nutritional challenges.
The index analyzes the 20 countries in the G20, which maintain the largest economies and contain two-thirds of the global population, as well as five nations from regions otherwise unrepresented, using 58 different indicators to measure sustainability.
The FSI ranks France as the top performer in nutritional challenges, and the country’s “truly holistic framework for eliminating food waste” earned its rank as the top country for tackling food waste. With a multitude of food-related startups, San Francisco was also praised for its food waste efforts. However, while there are growing food policy reform efforts, the U.S. overall is the third worst-performing country for food waste. Finally, because of the double challenge of malnutrition paired with obesity, India ranked at the bottom of the overall index.
“A food system does not sit in isolation, and a large number of stakeholders act together according to dynamics created by specific drivers,” the researchers say. When scaling to the regional, national, continental, and global level, this becomes increasingly complex.
Click here to learn more about how the Food Sustainability Index is fostering a global shift towards a more sustainable food system.