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September13, 2017 (C) Ravinder Singh firstname.lastname@example.org
There are ‘Critical Water Shortages’ everywhere in India, even in high rainfall sub-basins, this is impacting Indian – Agriculture, Drinking Water supply, Economy, Health, Employment, Sanitation, Industry and Environment, Due to Under Development Of Water Resources, No Progress in CANAL IRRIGATION & LIVE STORAGES in last 20 yrs, SILTATION OF DAMS EXCEED NEW STORAGE BUILT.
River Waters Consumption Growth 5-15X Times in 40-65 Years
Most of the Basin Water Sharing Agreements were based on 40 -100 years old flow datas and 40-65 years old Water Consumption by states when for 40 cr to 50 cr population and food-grains production was 50 million tones to 60 million tones.
India’s population already exceed 130 crores, was 35 Cr to 40 Cr – would exceed 150 crore by 2030 and food-grains production was 50 million tones at the time of Independence in 1947 – presently three years average food production is 260 million tones and India would require 350 million tones by 2030.
Narmada River Waters Consumption TRIPLED in 10 Years
From 2 BCM Consumption 1988 to 17.5 BCM in 2014-15
In just 10 years Narmada River Water Consumption Tripled increased from 5.6 BCM 2004-05, 17.5 BCM 2014-15 was only 1.25 BCM in 1980-81. This is 15 Times growth in Narmada River water use since 1981 and Ten times growth in 30 years. [P-12]
Virgin Narmada Water flows were as low as 17 BCM in 1987-88 & 2000-01 and Utilizable Flow of 76 BCM in 2013-14 or [Virgin Flow of around 78-80 BCM, mainly to account for evaporation losses in dams.]
Narmada a Surplus River Basin Last Year – Dark Zone 2017-18
Current monsoon season is almost over – there is only 5 BCM to 6 BCM Utilizable Narmada Waters in large storage dams, live storage 8.8 BCM on September07, 2017 when consumptive needs exceed 20 BCM [NWDT Allocated 34 BCM Water]
1450 MW SSP August Generation 29 MU 2017, 894 MU 2013.
Situation is so Critical that out of 6 River Head Generators of 200 MW each and 5 Canal Head Generators of 50 MW each; only one 50 MW Unit is operated that too at partial load. SSP generated 894.45 MU of power in August2013 when many times more water overflowed SSP dam without generating power, August2017 generation is only 28.85 MU. [Narmada Basin Rainfall 24% Deficient on 12-09-2017]
40,000 Cusec Narmada Canal to Deliver 4,000 Cusec 2017-18
Even Consumptive Needs of Narmada River Waters are barely 20-24 BCM or so this year, NWDT allocated34.54 BCM waters but water availability in Dams is not even 6 BCM for Sept217 to June2018 period for all states. Over designed Narmada Canal shall operate at less than 4,000 Cusec Capacity.
60 BCM, 3% of Flows, Storage in Important Dams for 1350m Indians
35 States & UT Have, Avg 2 BCM Utilizable Dam Storage Each
Assuming 200LPD Per Capita water municipal water needs at water works – 73M3 per capita – India need 100-110 BCM Utilizable Storage just for Municipal Needs but utilizable water available in Important Dams is 60 BCM – not even 2 BCM per state.
India doesn’t feel it because Tube-wells/Ground Water Serve Most of Domestic Water Supply – though 90% is Untreated or Contaminated or Unfit for Drinking.
There are at 10 Large Storage Dams in the World that alone store
more water than Utilizable Storage in all 91 CWC Dams in India.
India May Soon Have 5 Cr Tube-wells For Irrigation
One 10 HP Tube-well for Every 25 People in Punjab Already
There is an Irrigation Tube-well for every 50 Indians – consuming over 300 BU* of electricity worth Rs.2,00,000 Cr annually. *Consumption & Technical Feeder Losses. In addition O&M cost of Tube-wells is Rs.50,000 Cr.
The above figures are set to Double by 2030 as Governments find it Politically Convenient to release Tube-well Connections than Build Dams and Canal Irrigation, India will be required to in Spend $100b annually to EXTRACT Fast Depleting Ground water for Irrigation alone and more for Municipal & Industrial uses.
THIS IS ECONOMIC & ENVIRONMENT DISASTER IN THE MAKING.
Critical Blunders of ‘Water Disputes Tribunals’
1. All Water Disputes Tribunals in the Past allocated water resources on the basis
Political Considerations or Pure Guess about Requirements & Consumption in Future.
2. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t PRESCRIBE Minimum WATER USE EFFICIENCY
which meant in some states over 82% Precious Water Goes Waste and 18% of the water Applied Yield 60% to 90% Less Crops. River Waters are released ‘MECHANICALLY 365 DAYS IN A YEAR.’
3. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t separately allocate ‘Irrigation Requirements’ and
non-Irrigation Requirements or Drinking Water Requirements this meant Full Flow of Water Released when No Crop is Raised or Even When there are Floods & Water Logging.
4. All Water Disputes Tribunals Provided for REVIEW AFTER 45 YEARS when in Critical
Basins Water Are to be Regulated on Day to Day Basis.
5. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t Prescribe ‘REGULATORY OR IMPLEMENTION
AUTHORITY OR COMMISSION’ with the result Narmada Basin Development is DELAYED,Upper Yamuna Development not Started as per Annexed Question in Lok Sabha – even asRenuka, Lakhwar, Vyasi and Kishau Dams are Projects of National Importance.
6. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t Give TOP PRIORITY to Storage Dam Construction.
7. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t IMMUNIZE MANNAGEMENT OF RIVERS from
8. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t IMMUNIZE MANNAGEMENT OF RIVERS from
Mischief of BOGUS NGOs implementing UNSCIENTIFIC PRACTICES –
a. Obstructions in River Flows like CHECK dams which CAUSE Floods and Reduce Water Inflows into Dedicated Efficient & Reliable Storage Dams.
b. Tree Planting on Very Large Scale in WATER STRESSED Regions which Draws Ground Water – Could draw up to 10 BCM water per million hectare.
c. Their institutionalized activities like Digging of Ponds & Check Dams, Planting Treesresult in HIGH SILTATION Of Dedicated Efficient & Reliable Storage Dams.
d. Example: – In Narmada Basin this year Rainfall Deficit is 24% but Water Storage Deficit is 70%. No water was released in River downstream of SSP Dams this Monson Season – 12% Capacity Use of Narmada Canal, 3% Use of Hydro Power.
9. All Water Disputes Tribunals didn’t prescribe Publishing Water Data – Rivers and
Canal Flows & Dam Storages on Daily Basis, Area Under Cultivation On Weekly basis, Crop Production on Seasonal Basis – and Annual Water Account etc. [All the data Collected by Governments but not Shared with public & experts] California publishes all data of every County [Block Level] for 100 years.
10. Punjab Contributed 50% to 70% of Food-grains – Produce 30mt of Food-grains,
12 mt of Dry Fodder, 10 mt of Milk [10% Milkfat of India], 6 mt of Sugarcane, 6 mt of Fruits & Vegetables, Green Fodder, Cotton and some oilseeds etc – other states sharing INDUS WATERS contributes Half to practically nothing. INSTEAD OF FAST COMPLETION OF PROJECTS OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE PENDING FOR 60 YEARS, PUNJAB IS ADVISED BY GOI TO DRAW LESS GROUND WATER – THAN DELIVERING THE WATER NEEDS.
Poverty, Hunger, Malnutrition, Unemployment, Corruption, Floods, Drought, Farmer Suicides, Exploitation of Farmers at Mandis, Moneylenders serve 70% Farmers, 95% Micro & Small Industries – Efficient & Productive Management of Water Resources Shall partly or fully address India’s Critical Problems, GOI too weak to Solve it.
Supreme Court of India may constitute ‘Three Member Commission to Investigate Farming Suicides, Investigate Water Disputes Tribunal Awards including related issues in above conclusions, are Give Recommendations for Honorable Supreme to Make Directions to Center & State Governments.’
Ravinder Singh, Inventor & Consultant, INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND PROJECTS
Y-77, Hauz Khas, ND -110016, India. Ph: 091- 9871056471, 9718280435, 9650421857
Ravinder Singh* is a WIPO awarded inventor specializing in Power, Transportation,
Smart Cities, Water, Energy Saving, Agriculture, Manufacturing, Technologies and Projects