Brief summary of the State Budgets

Brief summary of the State Budgets

The state governments have announced their annual Budgets 2018-19 making allocations in important areas relating to socio-economic welfare. A summary of the state budget highlights is given below:

                                                             

1.         Jammu & Kashmir

The budget of Jammu and Kashmir 2018-19 has been designed in order to promote all round development in the state. Various reforms have been set for meaningful public policy interventions. The fiscal deficit previously estimated at around 9.5 % has actually turned out to be around 5.7%. The state government will provide freight subsidy to the industrial units located in the State and transporting their manufactured goods beyond 1000 kilometres outside the state. The government will also make available refund of SGST to all the industrial units, which were hitherto eligible for VAT exemption.

2.         Himachal Pradesh

The budget of Himachal Pradesh 2018-19 has been designed to in order to promote an all inclusive growth. The major focus of the state budget is on infrastructure, education, health care, crops relief, irrigation, renewable energy among others. The state government has allocated Rs 50 crore under Mukhya Mantri Sadak Yojana. In the education sector the state government announced that school bags will be provided to the students of 1st, 3rd, 6th and 9th class under the ‘Atal Vardi Yojna’. Skill Development Scheme has been given an allowance of Rs 100 crore. Grant-in-aid of Rs 110 crore will be given to the Himachal Pradesh University.

3.         Haryana

The budget of Haryana 2018-19 ushers in a new era of balanced growth. The state majorly is focusing on raising expenditure in key sectors, including farm, education, health, industry, skill development and infrastructure. The budget proposed to reduce the rate of value added tax on sale of natural gas from 12.5% to 6%. The state government has proposed a budget of Rs. 1,15,198.29 crore. The state government has not proposed any new tax for 2018-19. The state government has proposed to allocate Rs 100 crore, for the construction of Sutlej Yamuna Link (SYL) canal. The government has proposed an outlay of Rs. 3,222.21 crore for irrigation and water resources in 2018-19. For health and family the government has proposed to allocate Rs. 4,769.61 crore in 2018-19. A total outlay of Rs. 13,978.22 crore for education (Elementary, Secondary and Higher Education) in BE 2018-19 has been proposed.

4.         Gujarat

The state budget of Gujarat 2018-19 has focused on farmer welfare, agriculture, youth employment, irrigation, water supply, social justice, education, health, nutrition, traffic management and infrastructure. The budget size for FY 2018-19 is Rs 1,83,666 crore. The state government has proposed a total provision of Rs. 6755 crore for agriculture, co-operative and farmer welfare department, in which a provision of Rs.1101 crore for Pradhanmantri, Fasal Bima Yojana, farmer accident insurance, price stabilization etc has been allocated in order to cope with the risks of agriculture.

5.         Chhattisgarh

The budget of Chhattisgarh 2018-19 has focused on welfare of farmers, development of agricultural sector, prosperity of labourers and the poor, female empowerment, welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, rural development, infrastructure and good governance. A major provision of Rs 13,480 crores had been made for the agriculture sector, Six new agricultural colleges would be set up at Jashpur, Korba, Chhuikhadan, Kurud, Gariaband and Mahasamund. For promotion of agricultural graduates to become entrepreneurs, new scheme called “Chalo Gaun Ki Or” has been launched through agriculture university.

6.         Punjab

The budget of Punjab 2018-19 has focused on the farmers of the state as the policies on agriculture and rural economy have been centered only and only on the welfare of farmers. The state government is committed to providing free power to the farmers and for this purpose an allocation of Rs. 6256 crore has been provided. The state government has allocated Rs. 400 crore to Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY), in order to draw up and execute a comprehensive agriculture development plan taking into account the agro-climatic conditions, natural resources and technology so as to ensure an inclusive and integrated development of agriculture and allied services. An allocation of Rs. 25 crore is proposed for support to extension services (ATMA), and Rs. 10 crore for National Food Security Mission (NFSM).  A fish Brood Bank and hatcheries in private sector will be established in order to give boost to the fish seed production.

7.         Madhya Pradesh

The budget of Madhya Pradesh 2018-19 has majorly focused on agriculture, health, education and employment sectors. A provision of Rs. 37,498 crore has been laid for Krishi budget. Under Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme an amount of Rs. 2000 crore has been allocated. Rs. 1158 crore has been allocated for horticulture department and Rs. 300 crore has been allocated for Micro Irrigation Scheme under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana.

8.         Andhra Pradesh

The state budget of Andhra Pradesh 2018-19 has focused on increased allocation towards socio-economic development of the farmers, healthcare and towards establishing a knowledge economy by introducing the latest technology to educational pedagogies. The state government has proposed an expenditure of Rs. 1,91,063.61 crore, with revenue expenditure estimated at Rs. 1,50,271.99 crore and capital expenditure estimated at around Rs. 28,678.49 crore (which includes Rs. 9,351.15 crore towards principal repayment of Public Debt).

9.         Kerala

The state budget 2018-19 has focused on austerity measures to control deficit and at the same time growth and development in the state. A package of Rs. 2000 crore is announced for coastal area. The Disaster Management Authority has developed a satellite information and communication system linking all fishing vessels and coastal villages with a cost of Rs.100 crore. Free Wi-Fi connectivity will be made available at every public centre in coastal villages. The state government has embarked Rs.954 crore as food subsidy in the budget.  Rs.31 crore is specifically allocated for implementing the Food Security Act. This is mainly for renovation of ration outlets and e-governance. Rs.6 crore is allocated for Council for Food Research and Development.

10.       Arunachal Pradesh

 

The budget of Arunachal Pradesh 2018-19 puts thrust on seven key areas including education, skill development, health, governance reforms, IT and infrastructure. The state government has established a state wide area network for GST implementation through IT department and a sum of Rs. 10 crore has been allocated for this purpose. The state government has launched a new scheme “Chief Minister’s Samast Shiksha Yojana” with a total allocation of Rs. 100 crore for establishing a District Level Education Society. The government has proposed with an additional resource of Rs. 1000 per month and earmark an allocation of Rs. 7 crore for the purpose of mid day meal scheme. Under the scheme Acharya Dronacharya Gurukul Yojana the state government has allocated a total of Rs. 15 crore.

11.       West Bengal

The budget of West Bengal 2018-19 has laid emphasis on more welfare schemes for farmers, low income group and women. The state government has announced projects worth Rs. 12,000 crore in order to provide further fillip to the creation of infrastructure in the form of roads, bridges, flyovers, drinking water, power etc. The state government has sanctioned over 3.68 lakhs houses under the Grameen Awaas Yojna. The budget for ‘free treatment for all’ has been increased from Rs. 292.16 crore in 2011-12 to Rs. 857.83 crore in 2017-18. The state government has allocated Rs. 2766 crores to agricultural marketing department and Rs. 339 crores.

12.       Delhi

The budget of Delhi 2018-19 is centered on issues related to education, health, electricity, transport including Delhi metro and the pollution menace. The total Budget Estimates for the year 2018-19 is proposed at Rs.53,000 crore. The state government has allocated an amount of Rs. 638 crore for all Local Bodies for various schemes / programmes, specially, in Health and Education sectors. The state government presented its first Green budget for effective containment of pollution in the city. The government has shortlisted 26 separate programmes and projects proposed by 4 departments under Delhi Government – Transport, Power, Environment and PWD for devising a unified system of pollution control, bringing down levels of different pollutants.

13.       Assam

The budget of Assam 2018-19 has focused on education, health, infrastructure among others. The state budget has three strands – “EKATRIKARAN’ – consolidation of the policies we have announced and the work we have undertaken in the last two years; “XOMPROXARON”- Expansion and scaling up the ambitions of some of our existing programmes and “UTTORON” – raising the standards of our pursuance. The state government has allocated Ra 1890 crore for bridge over Brahmaputra connecting Panbazar with North Guwahati. The state government plans to set up 10 new law colleges, ten new B.Ed colleges, 9 new women colleges, 3 new polytechnic and a new medical college. To promote skill development in the state, the state government is setting up a Mega Skill City in partnership with ITEES Singapore, to provide globally relevant employment skills to the youths of Assam. Rs. 18 crore separately for the setting up of the Mega Skill City and its associated activities has been embarked upon.

14.       Bihar

 

The budget of Bihar 2018-19 has majorly focused on villages, health, education and agriculture sector.The estimated revenue for the year 2018-19 is Rs 1,580, 52 crores. The Government of Bihar has been allocated a budget of Rs. 153.45 crores in order to promote tourism. The state Government has allocated Rs. 1 lakh to women in this budget and 10,000 students will be provided with solar lights. Rs. 862.21 crores for the state government revenue and land reform, Rs. 4413.58 crores have been provided for city development. Rs. 622.04 crores has been allocated for Department of Industry, Rs.677.15 crores for disaster management, Rs. 10,188 crores for social welfare, Rs. 10.257.66 crores for electricity and Rs. 30 crores for temples.

15.       Jharkhand

The budget of Jharkhand 2018-19 is focused on five core areas including doubling the income of the people living in the rural area, creating employment opportunities, development of SC/ST, women empowerment, all round development of backward districts. Apart from this the focus has also been accorded to education, health, nutrition and basic infrastructure, drinking water supply scheme, urban development, linking the villages with roads and providing electricity in every home.

16.       Rajasthan

 

The budget of Rajasthan 2018-19 focuses on rural infrastructure with a focus on health, education and social sector schemes like pension, insurance. The state government has estimated total revenue receipts of Rs. 151663.5 crore for the year 2018-19. The state government has allocated Rs. 766 crore for construction of roads under the Grammin Gaurav Path Yojana and Missing Link Yojana. Rs. 800 crore has been allocated for upgradation and renewal of 5,000kms of rural roads.

17.       Uttar Pradesh

The budget of Uttar Pradesh 2018-19 is in the interest of all sections of the society, majorly focusing on farmers, artisans, youth, infrastructure and urban development. The state government will also focus on MSME, roads and power. The budget outlay for this year stands at over Rs 4,28,384.52 crore.

                                                                Budgets at a glance                                           (in Rs. Crore)

S. No.

States

Estimated Revenue

Estimated Expenditure

1

Andhra Pradesh

191060

191064

2

Arunachal Pradesh

19261.30

NA

3

Assam

4

Bihar

181255.34

176990.27

5

Chhattisgarh

83096.13

83179.26

6

Delhi

53000

53000

7

Gujarat

177728

181945

8

Haryana

102732.54

102732.54

9

Himachal Pradesh

38165

41439.93

10

Jammu & Kashmir

64269

80313

11

Jharkhand

80200

80200

12

Kerala

127018

127093

13

Madhya Pradesh

186699

186685

14

 Punjab

122922.58

129697.63

15

Rajasthan

212325.11

212274.65

16

Uttar Pradesh

420899

428385

17

West Bengal

195826

195829

      PHD Research Bureau, compiled from state budget documents 2018-19

 

To sum up, majorly all the states have kept the interest of the general public in consideration and have laid focus on uplifting social infrastructure. Social infrastructure is the backbone of every state’s economy and a systematic approach towards uplifting the socio-economic standards at the grass root level will definitely put states’ growth on a higher trajectory in the coming times.

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