Karnataka Assembly Elections, Analysis of Criminal and Financial Background of Contesting Candidates

Criminal Background

Criteria for serious criminal cases

1.       Offence for which maximum punishment is of 5 years or more.

2.       If an offence is non-bailable

3.       If it is an electoral offence (for eg. IPC 171E or bribery)

4.       Offence related to loss to exchequer

5.       Offences that are assault, murder, kidnap, rape related

6.       Offences that are mentioned in Representation of the People Act (Section 8)

7.       Offences under Prevention of Corruption Act

8.       Crimes against women.

 

·        Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of the 2560 candidates analysed391(15%) candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves.

·        Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 254 (10%) candidates have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.

·        Candidates with cases related to murder: candidates have declared case related to murder (Indian Penal Code Section-302) against themselves.

·        Candidates with cases related to attempt to murder: 25 candidates have declared cases related to attempt to murder (Indian Penal Code Section-307) against themselves.

·        Candidates with cases related to crime against women: 23 candidates have declared cases related to crime against women such as Assault or criminal force to woman with intent to outrage her modesty (IPC Section-354); word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman (IPC Section -509) and cohabitation caused by man deceitfully including a belief of lawful marriage (IPC Section 493); Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty (IPC Section-498A) etc.

·        Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases: Among major parties, 83(37%)out of 224 candidates from BJP,59 (27%) out of 220 candidates analysed from INC,41(21%) out of 199 candidates analysed from JD(S), 5(20%) out of 25 candidates analysed  from JD(U), 5(19%) out of 27 candidates analysed  from AAP and 108 (10%)out of  1090  independent candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.

·        Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases:  Among major parties,58(26%) out of 224 candidates from BJP,32 (15%) out of 220 candidates analysed from INC, 29(15%) out of 199 candidates analysed from JD(S), 3(12%) out of 25 candidates analysed  from JD(U), 1(4%) out of 27 candidates analysed  from AAP and 70 (6%) out of  1090  independent candidates have declared serious criminal cases including murder, attempt to murder, kidnapping etc. against themselves in their affidavits.


Figure 1: Party Wise Candidates with Criminal Cases

 

              

·        Red Alert Constituency:  There are 56(25%) red alert constituencies in the Karnataka Assembly Elections, 2018.

Red Alert constiuencies are the constituencies which have 3 or more candidates with declared criminal cases.

 

 

Financial Background

 

                              Figure 2: Share of Wealth among Candidates

 

·        Share of wealth among candidates : The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in assembly elections of Karnataka is as follows:

Value of assets

No. of candidates

 Percentage of candidates

Rs 5 crore and above

447

18%

Rs 2 crores to 5 crores

252

10%

Rs 50 lakhs to 2 crores

442

17%

Rs 10 lakhs to 50 lakhs

600

23%

less than Rs 10 lakhs

819

32%

Table 1: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

·        Crorepati CandidatesOut of the 2560 candidates analysed, 883 (35%) are crorepatis.

·        Party wise Crorepati Candidates: Among major parties, 208(93%) out of 224 candidates from BJP, 207 (94%) out of 220 candidates analysed from INC, 154(77%) out of 199 candidates analysed from JD(S), 13(52%) out of 25 candidates analysed fromJD(U), 9(33%) out of 27 candidates analysed  from AAP and 199 (18%) out of  1090  independent candidates have declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.

 


Figure 3: Party Wise Crorepati Candidates

 

·        Average assets: The average of assets per candidate contesting in the Karnataka Assembly Elections 2018 is Rs 7.54 crores.

·        Party wise average assets: Among the major parties, the average assets per candidate for 224 BJP candidates is Rs 17.86 crores220 INC candidates analysed  have average assets of Rs 38.75 crores, 199 JD(S) candidates analysed have average assets worth Rs 20.91 crores, and 1090 Independent candidates analysed have average assets of Rs. 1.58 crores.

·        High asset candidates*:  The  top 3  candidates with highest assets contesting in the Karnataka 2018 Assembly Elections are given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Priyakrishna

B.B.M.P(SOUTH)

GOVINDARAJANAGAR

INC

8,60,43,87,250

1,60,10,00,000

10,20,53,87,250
1020 Crore+

Y

2

N Nagaraju (M.T.B)

BANGALORE RURAL

HOSAKOTE

INC

4,37,15,64,043

5,78,64,65,309

10,15,80,29,352
1015 Crore+

Y

3

D K Shivakumar

RAMANAGARAM

KANAKAPURA

INC

1,01,31,90,097

7,38,69,76,948

8,40,01,67,045
840 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with highest declared assets

 

 

·        Zero assets Candidates: There are 17 candidates who have declared zero assets.

·        Low asset candidates: The three candidates with lowest assets( excluding candidates with zero assets) are as follows:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Movable Assets (Rs)

Immovable Assets (Rs)

Total Assets (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Dilip Kumar

B.B.M.P(SOUTH)

BOMMANAHALLI

IND

1,000

0

1,000
1 Thou+

Y

2

M. Lakshmi

B.B.M.P(CENTRAL)

RAJAJINAGAR

Jai Vijaya Bharathi Party

2,000

0

2,000
2 Thou+

Y

3

Sreenivas S

MYSORE

KRISHNARAJA

IND

2,053

0

2,053
2 Thou+

Y

Table: Candidates with declared lowest assets

 

·        Candidates with high liabilities: The top three candidates with highest liabilities are as given below:

S.No.

Name

District

Constituency

Party Name

Total Assets(Rs)

Liabilities (Rs)

Disputed liabilities (Rs)

PAN Given

1

Priyakrishna

B.B.M.P(SOUTH)

GOVINDARAJANAGAR

INC

10,20,53,87,250
1020 Crore+

# 8,02,74,82,214
802 Crore+

8,92,73,737
8 Crore+

Y

2

R Prabhakar Reddy

BANGALORE URBAN

BANGALORE SOUTH

JD(S)

2,27,25,77,671
227 Crore+

2,83,08,40,855
283 Crore+

0

Y

3

D K Shivakumar

RAMANAGARAM

KANAKAPURA

INC

8,40,01,67,045
840 Crore+

# 2,28,27,02,677
228 Crore+

5,80,12,561
5 Crore+

Y

Table: Top three candidates with high liabilities

 

·        Undeclared PAN:  A total of 309(12%) out of the 2650 candidates analysed have not declared their PAN details.

·        Candidates with high income as declared in the ITR*: The details of top 3 candidates with high declared income are as given below:

S.No.

Name

Party

Constituency

District

Total Asset (Rs)

Self Source of Income

Spouse’s Source of Income

The financial year for which the last income tax return has been filed by candidate

Total income shown by candidate in ITR (Self+Spouse+

Dependent) (Rs)

Self income shown by candidate in ITR (Rs)

1

N Nagaraju (M.T.B)

INC

HOSAKOTE

BANGALORE RURAL

10,15,80,29,352  1015 Crore+

Agriculture, House Property, Business & Other Sources

House Property & Other Sources

2016-2017

1,57,04,29,210

157 Crore+

1,04,41,26,570  104 Crore+

2

B.A.Basavaraja

INC

K.R. PURA

B.B.M.P(NORTH)

1,03,19,48,613  103 Crore+

Business

Husband’s income

2016-2017

27,77,31,712

27 Crore+

27,77,31,712

27 Crore+

3

Mohamad Iqbal Hothur

JD(S)

BELLARY CITY

BELLARY

3,80,98,56,625  380 Crore+

Income from Salary, House Property, Business and Other Sources

Income from House Property, Business and Other Sources

2016-2017

24,96,99,810

24 Crore+

1,04,06,910

1 Crore+

Table: Candidates with high income as declared in ITR

*Total income includes income of self, spouse and dependents

 

·        Sources of Income 340 (13%) out of 2560 candidates have not declared their sources of income.

 

Other Background Details

·        Education details of candidates: 1351 (53%) candidates have declared their educational qualification to be between 5th pass and 12th pass, while 981(38%)candidates have declared having an educational qualification of graduate or above.  There are 52(2%) candidates who have declared themselves literate whereas 50(2%) are illiterate. 11 candidates have not given their educational qualification.

·        Age details of candidates:  One candidate has declared her age as 20 years.849 (33%) candidates have declared their age to be between 25 and 40 years while 1351(53%) candidates have declared their age to be between 41 and 60 years. 347(14%)candidates have declared their age to be between 61 and 80 years while candidates have declared their age to be between above 80 years. 7 candidates have not given their age in their affidavits.

Gender details of candidates: 209 (8%) women candidates are contesting in the Karnataka assembly election, 2018.

Thanks and Regards

Media and Journalist Helpline

+91 80103 94248

Email:adr@adrindia.org

Maj.Gen. Anil Verma (Retd)

Head

National Election Watch,

Association for Democratic Reforms

011 4165 4200,

+91 88264 79910

adr@adrIndia.org,

anilverma@adrindia.org

Prof JagdeepChhokar

IIM Ahmedabad (Retd.)

Founder Member,

National Election Watch, Association for Democratic

Reforms

+91 99996 20944

jchhokar@gmail.com

Prof TrilochanSastry

IIM Bangalore

Founder Member,

National Election Watch,

Association for Democratic Reforms

+91 94483 53285

trilochans@iimb.ernet.in

Association for Democratic Reforms

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