May08, 2018 (C) Ravinder Singh email@example.com
There is rarely a match between Water Availability and Water Requirements in river basins. California drought period may last 5 years, next year get Record Floods.
In my lifetime Electricity Consumption has gone up 30 times. I was 5 years old in 1960 when my grandfather was first in a Punjab village to Switch from SUSTAINABLE extraction of ground water by Persian Wheel, introduced Diesel Powered Tube-well. Almost 25m are installed in India alone mostly Electric. Population too has increased from around 400m to 1300m already.
Groundwater reserves have depleted in Quantity, Quality & Accessibility.
World’s DEPENDENCE ON SURFACE WATER WHICH IS FLUCTUATING, PRODUCED IN ONE REGION CONSUMED IN ANOTHER is growing shall lead to CONFLICTS on Water Sharing.
World has to be prepared to Use Surface Waters Efficiently, Productively, Cooperatively & Equitably, Build Storages to Maximize Availability and avoid CONFLICTS. TECH-ARBITRATION OFFERS QUICK READY MADE OPTION FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION – AT LOW COST OR FREE BY NON PROFIT EXPERTS.
Recently at an event I observed that GOI doesn’t release data about water flows in Rivers, Canals, Water Supply Networks, Ground Water Monitoring Wells when there are ‘Automatic Gauges Installed and Working.’ In fact data for the entire country can be Uploaded from Daily average to every five minutes. [Data cost presently is almost free these days]
India is not subjected to Long Term Drought but is subjected toExtreme Drought & Floods situation frequently. In South India June2002 it was normal then for 4 months there was Monsoon Failure.Kaveri Basin states fought bitterly in Supreme Court – but soon October onwards there was Above Normal Rains. Delayed paddy transplanting or Switch to non-Paddy Crops in a Drought Period are obvious options.
The interactive Drought Map began with most horrible image – in January2001 over 50% area – 70% population of India experience worst IMAGINABLE DROUGHT. May2003 drought situation prevailed all over India, soon getting good monsoon rains in patches.
Similarly it was normal condition in June and in July-August 2010 world’s most destructive flood hit Pakistan – Flood moved from North to South over 30 days.
While developed countries USA, EU & Australia have adequate Dam Storage capacity – inadequate storages in Developing Countries LEADS to DROUGHT & FLOODS.
India is diverting just 20% water in its rivers – Pakistan 80% for all uses.
Ravinder Singh, Inventor & Consultant, INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND PROJECTS
Y-77, Hauz Khas, ND -110016, India. Ph: 091- 8826415770, 9871056471, 9650421857
Ravinder Singh* is a WIPO awarded inventor specializing in Power, Transportation,