- As per the data collected through RTI by Praja Foundation from the State and MCD Hospitals/Dispensaries: On an average, from last 4 years’ people in Delhi have suffered the most from Diarrhoea followed by Diabetes.
- RTI Data has shown the highest occurrence of Diarrhoea cases in Delhi amounting to 5,01,484 for the year 2017-18 with Rural Narela zone (21%), West zone (12%) and Rohini zone (12%) having the largest share in the total cases of Diarrhoea registered, in last 4 years.
- The shortage of Medical Personnels in 2018 are as high as 30% in MCD hospitals and dispensaries while there is 67% shortage of lecturers in academic positions in State Hospitals.
- A total of 17 MLAs have not raised even a single question related to health in from 17th Jan’2017-17th Jan’18.
- As many as 7 MLAs have not raised any questions on health issues in the last three years i.e. from 23rd February’2015 to 17th January’2018.
- In a survey commissioned by Praja to Hansa Research of 28,624 households across Delhi, it was found that:
- Estimated 9.5% of the total annual income was spent on hospitals/medical costs in 2018 i.e. an estimated overall household expenditure is of Rs. 34,078 Crores on hospitals/medical costs.
- Overall, 71% people of Delhi spend more than 10% of their annual family income on hospital/medical costs.
- Overall, estimated 94% of families in Delhi do not have medical insurance.
- The information received under RTI from various government institutions shows that there were 7,153 dengue cases & 4,205 malaria cases in Delhi in 2017-18, while the survey data across all 12 Zones of Delhi showed that the cases of dengue were as high as 1,06,456 and cases of malaria were 1,26,334.
New Delhi, 31st October 2018: NGO Praja Foundation released its white paper on Status of Health in Delhi, at an event on Wednesday, 31st October, 2018.
In a response to a Right to Information (RTI) application filed by Praja Foundation to procure the number of health issues registered, it showed Diarrhoea was the leading health issue with the highest number of cases amounting to 5,01,484, followed by Hypertension with 3,67,833 cases in the year 2017-18.
“There’s an increase in complaints relating to ‘Dirty Water (Water Contamination)’ which rose from 27,227 in 2015 to 33,884 in 2017, a 24% increase. One can clearly see how contamination of water has deprived the citizens of their basic right to clean water supply.” Milind Mhaske, Director at Praja Foundation, said.
Nitai Mehta, Founder and Managing Trustee of Praja Foundation said that “The state of health in Delhi truly reflects the state of the health in the country. As a country we have given no importance to public health and primary health care has been the most neglected of all. The only time the Government mentions health is when they are announcing new health schemes and inaugurating new hospitals”.
It has been Praja’s endeavour to bring out the true data on the subject that we are working on through RTI but at times we do not get the full data, for this we have to use the help of our household surveys to get a true picture of the situation. In the case of health data, we were not getting the specific details on different diseases such as Malaria and Dengue and the gravity of it. Through the household survey we understood the reality of the number cases of Dengue and Malaria and the numbers are truly shocking. The total number of cases of Malaria are 1,26,334 as per the survey done while RTI shows only 4,205 cases. With Dengue there are 1,06,456 cases as per survey and RTI data shows only 7,153 cases.
As per the citizen survey done in Delhi, the average medical expenses incurred by a family in a year is over Rs. 1,00,000, which is about 9.5% of their annual family income. Considering that the medical expenses have become prohibitively expensive, 94% of Delhiites do not have a medical insurance.
“The single largest reason for a middle income family to be pushed down to below the poverty line is the unexpected medical expenses. As there is no one to actually monitor the health of the citizens, people have to find solutions and look out for better health services for themselves which leads to privatisation of healthcare”, said Milind.
“The findings of this report clearly suggests that we are in a terminal decline as far as public health is concerned, the worst part is that our elected representatives do not seem to care about this. This is also reflected in the number of questions asked by our elected representatives on health issues. Overall only 19 questions have been raised by MLAs on water contamination in the last 3 years. Similarly, Municipal Councillors have raised only 5 issues related to contaminated water across all MCDs and committees”, said Mehta.
One only hopes that the Government sits up and takes notice about the dangerous situation we are headed towards and takes corrective action for the citizens of Delhi. A total of 17 MLAs have not raised even a single question related to health in 2017-18. As many as 7 MLAs have not raised any questions on health issues in the last three years i.e. from 23rd February’2015 to 17th January’2018.
Adding to the plight of the people of Delhi, the quality of air pollution has not changed much in last three years. It is high time that something should be done to improve the situation. In comparison to complaints that have been registered, the number of issues that were raised by the MLAs are really low. In 2017-18, 93 complaints have been registered in Delhi Jal Board whereas only 4 issues were raised by MLAs.
Moreover, there is no consistency in the kind of data provided by the hospitals and dispensaries, indicating that there is a long way to go in terms of strengthening the health management information system of the city at all the tiers of the government. Adding to it, the report published on Medical Certification of Cause of Death by Directorate of Health Services in collaboration with Delhi Government was last published for the year 2016 and is further delayed every year. This makes it very difficult to figure out the major causes of deaths that took place in the last two years.