UNESCO’s 2019 Global Education Monitoring Report (GEM Report) releasing on 20 November 2018.
The focus of the 2019 report is on migration and the social policies pertaining specifically to their education and assimilation. Titled Migration, displacement & education: Building Bridges, Not Walls, and the report explores the education policy measures undertaken by host countries for migrants and refugees. The report is published by UN but is independently funded and staffed, meaning that it is not restricted in what it says about governments’ policies.
The GEM report discusses India’s initiatives on a national and local level aimed at educating the children of seasonal workers and combatting the negative effects of seasonal migration on education. The report highlights how India has made progress in providing education for migrants, but notes that serious challenges remain. The report warns that children left behind by migrating parents and seasonal migrants face fewer educational opportunities overall, and projects the growth of children living in slums by 2030 as a result of migration to cities.
Key India Facts:
· In India, 10.7 million children aged 6 to 14 lived in rural households with a seasonal migrant in 2013.
· About 28% of youth aged 15 to 19 in these households were illiterate or had not completed primary school, compared to 18% of the cohort overall
· About 80% of seasonal migrant children in seven Indian cities lacked access to education near worksites, and 40% worked, experiencing abuse and exploitation
· The construction sector absorbs the majority of short-term migrants. A survey in Punjab state of 3,000 brick kiln workers in 2015/16 found that 60% were inter-state migrants. Between 65% and 80% of all children aged 5 to 14 living at the kilns worked there seven to nine hours per day. About 77% of kiln workers reported lack of access to early childhood or primary education for their children
· In India, inter-state migration rates doubled between 2001 and 2011. An estimated 9 million migrated between states annually from 2011 to 2016
About the UNESCO 2019 Global Education Monitoring Report a
The 2019 GEM Report will continue its assessment of progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) on education and its ten targets, as well as other related education targets in the SDG agenda. Its main focus will be the theme of migration and displacement. It will present evidence on the implications of different types of migration and displacement for education systems but also the impact that reforming education curricula and approaches to pedagogy and teacher preparation can have on addressing the challenges and opportunities posed by migration and displacement. It will give voice to experiences in host and home communities. With the help of case studies, it will illustrate approaches which work and could be scaled up. In this way, it aims to serve be a tool for practitioners. It will make the case for investing in education of good quality in rural areas suffering from depopulation and in slum areas suffering from large population inflows; in countries with high rates of emigration and those with high rates of immigration; in short-term refugee emergencies and in protracted crises. Its analysis, conclusions and recommendations will advance the aims of SDG 4 and its call to leave no one behind. The 2019 GEM Report is due to be published on the 20th November at major events in Berlin, Beirut, Morocco, Nairobi and Brussels.