Development Seminar: Subsidies and Agricultural Policy
Thursday, January 24, 4:00 pm – 5:30 pm
Brookings India, No. 6, Second Floor, Dr. Jose P. Rizal Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi
Dear Mr. Sagar,
I am delighted to invite you to our next Development Seminar on “Subsidies and Agricultural Policy” with Prof. Bharat Ramaswami, Professor, Economics, Ashoka University.
Abstract: Agrarian distress returns to the policy radar every now and then. This is one of those times. This paper looks at agricultural subsidies in the context of the development process. Sectoral disparities are substantial. While this may seem to constitute a case for subsidies or income support, this paper looks at how subsidies have filled this role. The paper finds that subsidies constitute a sizeable chunk of farm income and cannot be reduced without causing substantial hardship. However, the scope of subsidies to bridge the sectoral gaps in output per worker is limited because the primary cause is not low profitability but low asset base. The policy agenda is then twofold: first to make sure of policies that ensure sustainable income growth and second, to reform subsidies to minimise adverse externalities. Direct income supports are ideal but face several difficulties: of coordination between centre and states, of the lack of appropriate database of land records and the fact that it will be more expensive than subsidies offered through the price system.
Bio: Prof. Bharat Ramaswami is a Professor of Economics at Ashoka University and prior to that he was at the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi. He has held visiting appointments at universities in Canada, Japan, Sweden and the United States. Before earning a PhD from the University of Minnesota, Professor Ramaswami obtained a Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Economics from the University of Delhi. His research interests lie in Agricultural Economics and Development Economics. He was awarded the Mahalanobis Memorial Medal by the Indian Econometric Society in 2004 for his contributions to quantitative economics.
Discussant: Dr. P.S. Birthal, Principal Scientist at the National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, New Delhi
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Dr. Shamika Ravi
Research Director, Brookings India
Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
Member, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister
Government of India