Summary& Highlights MP Assembly

 

Ø  In the Madhya Pradesh Assembly Elections 2018, 120 political parties and independents were in the fray. These included, 5 national political parties, 6 state political parties, and 109 registered unrecognized parties. In comparison, during the 2013 Madhya Pradesh State Assembly elections, 66 political parties were in the fray. These included, 6 national political parties, 9 state political parties and 51 registered unrecognized parties. This reflects that there has been 82% increasein the number of political parties that contested in 2018 from 2013.

Ø  The voter’s turnout for the Madhya Pradesh Assembly was 75.5% whereasvoter’s turnout in 2013 assembly elections was 72.5%.

Vote Share of Winners

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·        The winners of the Madhya Pradesh State Assembly elections, 2018 won by an average of 46.6 % of total votes polled. In the 2013 elections winners won by an average of 47.3 % of total votes polled.

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·        83(36%) winners won with 50% and above of the total votes polled in their constituency.

·        Out of 109 winners of BJP, 71(65%) won with less than 50 % of total votes polled in their constituencies. 69(61%)  out of 114 winners from INC2(100%) winners from BSP1(100%) winner each SP and 4(100%)  independent winnerhave won with less than 50% of total votes polled in their constituency.

·        42(45%) out of 94  winners with declared criminal cases have won with a vote share of 50% and above.

·        74(40%) out of 187 crorepati winners have won with a vote share of 50% and above.

Representativeness of Winners

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·        All the winners of the Madhya Pradesh State Assembly Elections, 2018 won with an average of 35.3% of the total registered voters. This implies that the winners represent on an average, 35.3% of the total electorate. In the Madhya Pradesh State Assembly Elections, 2013 won by an average of 34.3% of the total registered votes.

·         Out of 109 winners of BJP, 78(71%) have won less than 40% of votes of the total registered voters in the constituency. 71(62%) out of 114 winners fromINC2(100%) winners from BSP; 1(100%) winner from SP and 4(100%) independent  winners have won less than 40 % of votes of the total registered voters in the constituency

Margin of Victory

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·        10 winners have won with margin of victory of less than 1000 votes.

·        5 winners have won with more than 30% of margin of victory.

Winners with Declared Criminal Cases and their Margin of Victory:

1.      55 out of 94 winners with declared criminal cases have won against runners up with a clean background.

2.       Among these 55 winners, 10 winners have won with more than 20% margin of victory.

3.      Among these, Ms. Imarti Devi (INC) from Dabara constituency won with 38% margin of victory.

4.      There are 50 winners with a clean background who have won against runners up with declared criminal cases. Out of these 50 winners, 8 have won with more than 20 % margin of victory.

·        Crorepati Winners and their Margin of Victory:

1.      35 out of 187 crorepati winners have won against non-crorepati runners up.

2.       Among these 35 winners, 5 winners have won with more than 20 % margin of victory.

3.      Among these, Ms. Imarti Devi (INC) from Dabara constituency won with 38% margin of victory.

4.      There are 30 non-crorepati winner s  who have won against crorepatirunners up. Only one of them has won with more than 20%.

Performance of Women Winners

·        Among the 230 winners, 21 are women.

·        2 women winners, namely Kalawati Bhuriya (INC) and Rambai Govind Singh(BSP) have won with less than 40 % of Vote share.

·        Among the women winners, Ms. Raksha Santram Saroniya (INC) from Bhandar Constituency has won with the highest vote share, i.e. 62% in her constituency. She has won with 43% representativeness and 34% of margin of victory.

 Performance of Re-elected Winners

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·        Out of total 86 re-elected winners, none have won with less than 20 % of vote share in their respective constituency. 27(31%) have won with more than 50% of vote share.

·        26(30%) re-elected winners have won with less than 5% of margin of victory whereas 3 have won with more than 30% of margin of victory.

NOTA

The NOTA button instated by the ECI in 2013 gave the voters an option of rejecting all the candidates in their constituency. The total number of votes polled for None-of-the-above option were 5, 42,295 votes during the Madhya Pradesh 

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