Macron’s envoy Emmanuel Bonne met with Rouhani on Wednesday, who said that Tehran had “completely kept the path of diplomacy and talks open,” according to a statement from his office.
He called on other parties to the nuclear deal to “completely implement their commitments” to keep it alive.
Bonne also met Rear-Admiral Ali Shamkhani, the secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council, and Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.
His mission was “to try and open the discussion space to avoid an uncontrolled escalation or even an accident,” according to French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian.
Before meeting with Bonne, Zarif said “negotiations are never possible under pressure,” in reference to US sanctions against Iran.
Pointing to the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal, he added that the Europeans “must solve that problem.”
Bonne arrived in Tehran after Iran announced on Monday it had surpassed 4.5 per cent uranium enrichment — above the 3.67 per cent limit under the accord, though still far below the 90 per cent necessary for military purposes.
Earlier it was confirmed that Iran surpassed 300 kilograms of enriched uranium reserves, another limit that was imposed by the deal.
At Washington’s request, the UN’s nuclear watchdog held a special meeting Wednesday at its Vienna headquarters.
US delegate Jackie Wolcott told the gathering that Iran was engaged in “nuclear extortion.”
Her Iranian counterpart Kazem Gharib Abadi hit back, calling it a “sad irony” that the meeting was convened at Washington’s request and claiming the current standoff was a result of the US’s “outlaw behaviour.”
After Washington withdrew from the nuclear deal in May 2018, it reimposed sanctions on Tehran, hitting the banking and oil sectors hard.
As the Iranian economy went into free fall, Tehran demanded that the other parties — especially the Europeans — deliver promised economic benefits and help it bypass the US sanctions.
However, it became clear that this was no simple task, and Iran — whose economy depends heavily on oil exports — changed tack and indicated it would reshape its policy of “strategic patience.”
In May,Trump’s withdrawal, Rouhani said Iran would roll back its commitments under the deal in stages every 60 days in an effort to force the other parties to deliver on their side of the bargain.